Finally, it’s almost time to bid farewell to infections or incompatibility of foreign devices implanted or inserted into the body. Catheters, titanium rods and stents are important devices for most patients across the globe. However, we cannot deny that there are cases that it may cause risks or side effects like incompatibility or allergic reaction when inserted in our bodies
No more worries because the two best groups of scientific expertise worked together and developed an amazing alternative to prevent unwanted things from happening. It is called blood-repellant titanium which functions to construct the implants the way that it will specifically be liquid-repelling to water, blood, and plasma. The term for this is super homophobic.
The blood-repellant titanium is covered with nanoscale tubes combined with slippery chemicals. It is designed this way so the blood would not recognize the titanium as a foreign object. This prevents the blood from clotting which also decreases side effects or incompatibilities. Since its nature is slippery, that would mean there is no chance of blood clotting. Brilliantly engineered, the result would be a device surface implant that repels liquid completely.
A lot of reported cases where a patient’s body reject an implant causes the body’s immune system to alarm that there is a foreign object. Hence, it would then be in defense mode which leads to serious complications.
Assistant professor of Mechanical Engineering and Biomedical Engineering at CSU named Arun Kota claimed that they are using materials that the blood does not like to get in touch with. So, it will be compatible with the human blood since it doesn’t reject it.
Patients with medical implants are likely to take blood-thinning drugs constantly in order to prevent clotting. They need to be on the regimen to decrease potential risks. The problem here is that blood thinners are not 100% effective that it can cause severe bleeding near a wound because of the effect. There is a blood clot which is beneficial to the body like those open wounds, but blood-thinners restrict it from clotting.
Blood clotting happens because blood finds a cell and would attach to it, according to Ketul Popat, Associate Professor of Biomedical Engineering at CSU. He added that if they can create a material where the blood does not like to get in contact, no clotting would happen.
Objects with titanium surfaces of different variations were also observed and analyzed by the researchers. This includes different chemistries and textures. Alongside, they also compared the degree of platelet activation and adhesion in the blood. So far, it is the object with fluorinated nanotubes that offer best results of protection against blood clotting. The researchers are still continuing to examine other factors for clotting and in due course would test it to real devices.
As of the moment, the project is still young and in its early developmental stage. However, once the findings pass a further examination, then the safety of the medical implants would boost sky-high.
By the moment this would succeed, many lives will be saved and this could be considered as a breakthrough in science and medicine.