With the information superhighway’s rapid growth, more attempts of creating faster and better processing power are needed. The power of computing is not about providing the best in visual or graphic effects, or the larger storage capacity, or neither is the faster data transfer, it has become a race to revolutionize the processing power of information itself. A regular computer can perform tasks like word processing, visual effects, and 3D graphics, or download and upload data to a network. But what if you wanted to have your computer tell you when an earthquake is going to happen in a specific location? Or probably tell you where other life forms in the universe can be found?
A quantum computer can do all that. Quantum computers can process information at a rate that none of the existing computers come close to. Google’s own D-Wave 2x is supposedly 100 million times faster than a regular computer. But according to studies, a quantum computer should be much faster than that. The secret to the processing speed is the use of quantum bits, or qubits. Our computers today still use the standard 0 and 1 to process data. Because this 0-1 presents 2 variables, it can be explained as either a “yes” or “no”, “open” or “close”. A qubit, however, can represent a 1,0, and both at the same time in a ‘superposition’ state.
The secret to creating qubits is known as quantum entanglement. This occurs in all matter at its smallest scale. Researchers around the world are trying to come up with a way that they can create qubits out of ions trapped in magnetic fields in a hand-sized module. These modules will then be connected to others, and more can be added to the system which means that there is no limit as to how large your quantum computer can get. The greater the number of modules- the more is the processing power of the whole system. Each module would contain at least 2500 ion quantum bits.
When the system is turned on, the ions will interact with each other which will be gently guided by modular grids. Ions will move to other modules using electric fields as their mode of transportation instead of copper or fiber optics- this eliminates excessive heat problems. A new addition to the blueprint is the use of microwave radiation to keep the ion qubits in position instead of using individual lasers which were intended in the earlier years.
The blueprint is now available for anyone to use. The race to develop the first quantum computer is now up for everyone. Some people who started their quantum computer research and development claims that theirs would be ready in just two years. More researchers are skeptical but cautiously excited about this development.
The blueprint still has a lot to go through, more research is needed, and more work needs to be done. Hence, only the time can tell when the blueprint will be truly completed and be fully utilized by mankind.